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his is article is for Drupal 7 to render block in templates and custom blocks using php codes

Actually there is very simple ways to render block pro-grammatically 

1) Module Invoke

$block = module_invoke('module_name', 'block_view', 'delta or machine name of block');
print render($block['content']);

Module invoke is most common way to render a block, above example is self explained or see the below example

$block = module_invoke('search', 'block_view', 'search');
print render($block);

2) Using Block Load with delta

$block = block_load('block', '1');
$output = drupal_render(_block_get_renderable_array(_block_render_blocks(array($block))));
print $output;

3) Using Block load with Name

$blockObject = block_load('views', 'block_name');
$block = _block_get_renderable_array(_block_render_blocks(array($blockObject)));
$output = drupal_render($block); print $output;

4) Render Views Block

echo views_embed_view('view_machine_name', 'block_1');

5) Render Views Block with Arguments of contextual filters

echo views_embed_view('view_machine_name', 'block_1','arg1','arg2');

Comment for any other help thanks

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